The production of steel is a highly energy-intensive process, whether it is through the 'primary' production route using a blast furnace and basic oxygen furnace, or via the 'secondary' route in electric arc furnaces.
The primary route, which generally produces new steel from virgin raw materials, presently relies primarily on coking coal, which is both the reductant and a major source of energy to melt the iron ore.
The secondary route, which is generally used to produce steel from scrap, uses electricity to melt the metal.
As such, both routes require significant amounts of energy of one form or another. However, European producers have been refining their processes and, since the 1960s, have cut energy demand by 50%, alongside a similar reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
The European steel industry's transition to a low or carbon-neutral future will have a large impact on energy supply, because new technologies will require even larger quantities to power new, carbon-lean processes.
This energy transition being as expected, EU energy policy is even more important than before - to ensure that the European steel industry has access to sustainable, affordable energy.
Brussels, 08 July 2020 – The European Commission has today launched its ‘Hydrogen strategy for a climate-neutral Europe’, which sets out a plan to establish an integrated hydrogen energy network in Europe by 2050. As a major potential user of clean hydrogen, the European steel industry has welcomed the launch of the strategy.
The EU needs a stable and predictable policy framework that delivers on the climate objectives and preserves the competitiveness of its industrial base.
The Alliance of Energy Intensive Industries welcomes the opportunity to comment on the draft 2030 Target Climate Plan.